~ Fifth Annual IQSA Conference ~

The Cambridge Security Programme

Centre of International Studies

War and Peace in Qajar Persia: Implications Past and Present

McCrum Theatre, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, CB2 1RH,

Friday 15 and Saturday 16 July 2005




Iradj Amini

Ambassador Iradj Amini was born in Tehran in 1935. He has a BA in Political Science from George Washington University, Washington, D.C., an MA in Sociology from Tehran University and a Diploma of International Relations from the University of Oxford. He joined the Iranian Foreign Service in 1965, and was the last Ambassador of the Shah of Iran to Tunesia. He currently lives and writes in Paris. He is the author of the acclaimed Napoléon et la Perse (Fondation Napoleon, Paris, 1995), translated into English as Napoleon and Persia: Franco-Persian Relations Under the First Empire, (Mage Publishers, Washington, D.C., 1999) and of L'Inde du Kooh-i-Noor (Editions François Bourin, Paris, 1992), a book about the saga of the twin diamond to the Darya-e Noor. He can be reached at: iradjamini@wanadoo.fr

Peter Avery


Stephanie Cronin

Dr. Stephanie Cronin is Iran Heritage Foundation Fellow in Iranian History, University College, Northampton. She is the author of The Army and the Creation of the Pahlavi State in Iran, 1910-1926, (I. B. Tauris, 1997) and editor of The Making of Modern Iran; State and Society under Riza Shah, 1921-1941 (RoutledgeCurzon, 2003) and Reformers and Revolutionaries in Modern Iran: New Perspectives on the Iranian Left (RoutledgeCurzon, 2004). Her most recent work looks at subaltern responses to modernity in early Pahlavi Iran. Tribal Politics in Iran: Rural Conflict and the New State will be published in 2006. An edited collection, Subalterns, Marginality and the State: Strategies of Survival, Protest and Resistance in the Middle East and North Africa, will also appear in 2006. She can be reached at: scronin2002@aol.com

Manoutchehr M. Eskandari-Qajar

Dr. Manoutchehr Eskandari-Qajar is Associate Professor of Political Science and chair of Middle Eastern Studies at Santa Barbara City College (SBCC). He is also President and co-founder of the International Qajar Studies Association (IQSA) and President of the reconstituted Kadjar Family Association (KFA). Together with Mr. Ferydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn, editor-in-chief, he edits the Journal of the International Qajar Studies Association (IQSA), Qajar Studies, which is now in its fifth year and the latest issue of which is dedicated to the theme of this year's conference, War and Peace in the Qajar Era. He can be reached at: president@qajarstudies.org

Mansoureh Ettehadieh (Nezam Mafi)

Mansoureh Ettehadieh graduated from Edinburgh University with an MA in history in 1956 and obtained her PhD in 1979 from the same University. She taught history in the department of history in Tehran University from 1963 to 2000. She founded the publishing firm Nashr-e Tarikh-e Iran in 1983, which specializes in the history of the Qajar period. She is currently engaged in working on public opinion from 1870 to 1920. She has written and co-edited a number of works on this period, some of which are: Khaterat va Asnad Hosein Qoli Khan Nezam al-Saltaneh (Three volumes of the correspondence and diaries of Hosein Qoli Khan Nezam al-Saltaneh), 3 volumes, 1984, co-edited with S. Sadvandian; Majles va Entekahbat az Mashruteh ta Payan-e Qajariyeh (Parliament and Elections from the Constitutional Revolution to the end of the Qajar Period), 1996; Majmueh Asnad va Mokatebat-e Nosrat al-Dowleh Firuz (The Correspondence and documents of Nosrat al-Dowleh Firuz), 1999, co-edited with S. Pira; Inja Tehran Ast, Majmueh-ye Maqalati dar bareh-ye Tehran, 1269HQ/1344 (A Collections of Essays on the Social and Economic Conditions of Tehran, 1850 -1925 Reza Qoli Khan Nezam al-Saltaneh), 1998; Zendegani Siyasi va Asnad-e Mohajerat (The life and the correspondence of Reza Qoli Khan Nezam al-Saltaneh), 3 volumes, 2000; and Peydayesh va Tahavol-e Ahzab-e Siyasi Mashrutiyat (The Origin and Development of Political Parties during the Constitutional Revolution), reprinted 2002. Ettehadieh has also written two novels: Zendegi Bayad Kard, Zendegi Khali Nist. She can be reached at: nti@neda.net

Roxane Farmanfarmaian

Roxane Farmanfarmaian graduated from Princeton University with a degree in Middle Eastern Studies and is currently working on her doctorate at the University of Cambridge where she is the editor of the Cambridge Security Review. Before the revolution she founded the Iranian, an independent weekly newsmagazine published in Iran. She has reported on Iranian affairs from Moscow in the early 1980s and has been a contributing writer to the The New York Times and The Christian Science Monitor and has been West Coast editor of Publisher's Weekly. She is co-author with her late father Manucher Farmanfarmaian of Blood & Oil: Memoirs of a Persian Prince (Random House 1997). She can be reached at: rf236@cam.ac.uk

Hafez Farmayan

Dr. Hafez Farmayan is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his M.A. from Stanford University and his Ph.D. from Georgetown University. He began his academic career at the University of Tehran where he held the chair of European history and became the founder and Director of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at that institution. Before coming to Texas he held a visiting Professorship at Columbia University. Professor Farmayan's areas of interest are modern Islamic history, nineteenth century Iran and political history of modern Europe. He has written numerous articles in International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, The Middle East Journal, Iranian Studies, and Muslim World. His books include Europe in the Age of Revolution, Travels of Hajji Pirzadeh, and A Shi'ite Pilgrimage to Mecca. Professor Farmayan has an intimate knowledge of Middle Eastern Culture and has lectured extensively on the subject of cultural interactions between the United States and contemporary societies of the Middle East. In his honor a Festschrift was published in 2002 entitled Society and Culture in Qajar Iran, to which a number of his colleagues and former students contributed. Professor Farmayan can be reached at: farmayan@mail.utexas.edu

George Joffé

George Joffé is an independent consultant and formerly the Deputy Director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) in London, who is also attached to London and Cambridge universities. He is now engaged in academic activities, independent consultancy and in journalism. His journalistic activities have included both print journalism and radio and television work on Middle Eastern and North African topics for the past twenty years. As a consultant, he deals with the political, economic and social affairs of the Middle East and North Africa, with special reference to Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Israel-Palestine and Iraq, and he has also been engaged in research and research management of work into international boundary disputes and international economic arbitration. His academic activities include both teaching and research. His latest edited book, on contemporary Jordan, was published by Hurst & Co in late 2001. He has written widely on topics connected with the contemporary history, economics, society and current affairs of the Middle East and North Africa and is currently engaged in writing a study of the contemporary crisis in Algeria, a book on the Qadhafi regime in Libya and an analysis of the Barcelona Process in the Mediterranean. He also lectures on these themes at London University’s Kings College where he is a visiting professor in the Department of Geography.

Mr. Joffé was also a visiting fellow at the Centre for International Studies in the Department of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science until October 2001. He is now a research fellow at the Centre for International Studies at Cambridge University. He also acts as Director-of-Studies for the Mediterranean in the Instituto de Estudos Estratégicos e Internacionais, in Lisbon, which runs the EuroMeSCo network, an official confidence-building measure of the European Union’s Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. He is also visiting scholar at the University of Melbourne in Australia He is also linked to two consultancy groups, MEC International and Menas Associates Ltd. He is also the honorary secretary of the Society for Moroccan Studies, a founder member of the Society for Algerian Studies, and the director and founder of the Centre for North African Studies which is affiliated to the Centre for International Studies at Cambridge University and carries out a programme of forum discussions and public meetings on North African affairs, as well as supporting research initiatives in the area. In addition he is the founder and co-editor of the Journal of North African Studies which is published by the Centre, in conjunction with the American Institue of Maghrib Studies. He is also a research fellow at the Royal United Service Institute for Strategic Studies. he can be reached at: giris@msn.com

Firouzeh Kashani-Sabet


Irina Koshoridze

Dr. Irina Koshoridze, Art Historian; PhD; is Head of the Department of Oriental Arts at the Georgia State Museum of Art. She has lectured at international conferences and symposia and published articles on Georgian and Caucasian traditional textile, and Islamic visual and decorative art. She has also organized different shows from museum collections. Koshoridze is co-founder of the "Georgian Textile Group" and "Georgian Museum Association". In 2002-2003 she was Fulbright scholar in residence at New-York University. Her recent works are dedicated to Georgian - Iranian Cultural Relations from the Safavid to the Qajar era. Just recently she organized the “Islamic week in Georgian National Museum” 5 -12 June, 2005, which covered the Opening of the Exhibition "Islamic art form" and the presentation of the book "Qajar Art" and the seminar "Qajar art –provenance, sources and influences" . This event was a big success as many people visited the exhibition and the seminar. There were special guests and participants form the USA, Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom such as Layla Diba, Tim Stanly, Barry Wood, Fatema Soudavar-Farmanfarma, Guisela Helmek, Posy Benedict as well as the descendants of Qajar Royal family -such as Chingiz Qajar from Azerbaijan. She can be reached at: irakoshoridze@hotmail.com

Vanessa Martin

Dr. Vanessa Martin is Reader in Middle Eastern History at Royal Holloway, University of London. She has written three books, Islam and Modernism: The Iranian Revolution of 1906 (IBTauris 1989), Creating an Islamic State (IBTauris 2000), and The Qajar Pact: Bargaining, Protest and the State in Qajar Iran (IBTauris 2005). She also has an edited volume forthcoming on Anglo Iranian Relations since 1800 (IBTauris 2005). She can be reached at: v.martin@rhul.ac.uk

Irine Natchkebia

Dr. Irine Natchkebia was born in 1956 in Tbilisi, Georgia. In the years 1972-1977 she studied at the Department of Human Geography of Tbilisi State University. In 1976-1977 - MA Student at the Department of Human Geography, University of Lodz, Poland. From 1983 to the present she is researcher at Tsereteli Institute of Oriental Studies of Georgian Academy of Sciences. From 1996 to the present she collaborates with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique -- "Monde iranien" in Paris. From 1991to 2000 she was Professor at The Institute of Africa and Asia and at the Faculty of the Oriental Studies of Tbilisi State University. Courses taught: Human Geography of Asia and North Africa; Human Geography of Iran; Human Geography of Turkey; Geopolitics. Her area of specialisation is the political interests of Europe towards Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and the Caucasus in the late eighteenth and the first quarter of the nineteenth century. Irene Natchkebia is the author of numerous articles and books focusing on the relatoins between Persia and Georgia and in particular those of France under Napoleon with Persia. She can be reached: irnat@hotmail.com

Lawrence Potter

Dr. Lawrence G. Potter has been Deputy Director of Gulf/2000 since 1994 and has taught at Columbia University since 1996, where he is Adjunct Associate Professor of International Affairs. A graduate of Tufts College, he received an M.A. in Middle Eastern Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, and a Ph.D. in History (1992) from Columbia University. Dr. Potter taught in Iran for four years before the revolution. From 1984 to 1992 he was Senior Editor at the Foreign Policy Association, a national, nonpartisan organization devoted to world affairs education for the general public. He specializes in Iranian history. He co-edited The Persian Gulf at the Millennium: Essays in Politics, Economy, Security, and Religion (St. Martin's Press, 1997); Security in the Persian Gulf: Origins, Obstacles, and the Search for Consensus (Palgrave, 2002); and Iran, Iraq and the Legacies of War (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), and is currently editing a volume on "The Persian Gulf in History." Dr. Potter published "The Persian Gulf in Transition" in the Foreign Policy Association's Headline Series (January 1998). A recent article is "The Evolution of the Iran-Iraq Border," in The Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921, ed. Reeva Spector Simon and Eleanor H. Tejirian (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004). He can be reached at: lgp5@columbia.edu

Richard Schofield

Dr. Richard Schofield is a Lecturer in Boundary Studies in the Department of Geography at King’s College, University of London, where he directs the Masters programme in International Boundary Studies (which he founded in 1997 at SOAS). Schofield is the author of The evolution of the Shatt al-Arab boundary dispute (Menas Press, 1986), Kuwait and Iraq: historical claims and territorial disputes (Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1991; second ed., 1993), and Unfinished business: Iran, the UAE, Abu Musa and the Tunbs (forthcoming). He is the editor of The Iran-Iraq border, 1840-1958 (Archive Editions, 1989) and Territorial foundations of the Gulf states (UCL Press/St. Martin’s Press, 1994). He is also the founding editor of the journal Geopolitics (Frank Cass, 1996-) and has penned numerous article son territorial issues in the Arabian peninsula/Persian Gulf region. The most recent of these was “Position, function and symbol: the Shatt al-Arab dispute in perspective” in Lawrence G. Potter and Gary G. Sick [ed.s] (2004), Iran, Iraq and the legacy of war, Palgrave Press, New York, 29-70. he can be reached at: Richard.schoffield@kcl.ac.uk

Joachim Waibel

Joachim M. Waibel (b. 1959 AD) Stuttgart, Germany. Studied History and Political Science in Montreal, Canada. Resides in Vancouver, Canada. He works as a Financial Executive in the Oil & Gas Industry and spends his free time as an Adjunct Curator of Naval & Military History at the Vancouver Maritime Museum as well as the Vancouver City Museum. He has been conducting extensive research into the Anglo-Persian War (1856-57) for the last nine years. A research web-site on the subject will be available on-line by the beginning of 2006. He can be reached at: bonavista@shaw.ca

Graham Williamson

Graham Williamson lives in Hornchurch, Essex, England. He has been interested in military history for many years and became fascinated with the history of the early Qajar rulers. He is an amateur wargamer and struck upon the idea of creating an unusual Napoleonic army. Whilst studying the Napoleonic wars he came across Persia's small but significant involvement. Thus began a labour of love. He has had a replica miniature Persian force, modelled on Abbas Mirza's New Army in 1812, cast and painted and has been engaged in replaying the Persian, Turkish and Russian wars of the early 19c. internationally. He has published an article on the Russian Deserter Batallion, the "Bagaderan" (the Brave) and is working on a major article on the Turko-Persian War of 1821-23. He can be reached at: graham@efs-uk.com

Antony Wynn

Antony Wynn read Persian and Turkish at Balliol 1968-1972, with a year out at university in Shiraz. He spent four years in Hamadan as the buyer for the Oriental Carpet Manufacturing Co of London, followed by two years running the racecourse at Gonbad-i Kavous, with a short spell at the newly built racecourse in Tehran, until the end of 1978. He is the author, most recently, of Persia in the Great Game, a biography of Sir Percy Sykes, (John Murray, 2003), and of a review of Laurence Kelly's Diplomacy and Murder in Tehran (I.B. Tauris, 2002). He can be reached at: wynn@berktrdg.demon.co.uk